Main Article Content

The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda constitutes the most important pest of corn, Zea mays, and mainly synthetic chemical insecticides are used for its control. The use of botanical compounds is a potentially effective alternative for pest control. The effect of formulations of Eucalyptus globulus, Jatropha curcas, Petiveria alliacea, Ricinus communis and Ruta graveolens, (A) at concentrations of 5%, 10% and 15% (B) on mortality, food inhibition and weight of larvae of S. frugiperda was evaluated. Using second and third instar larvae, spray and choice bioassays were performed using a factorial design AxB + 3 controls [chemical insecticide (cypermethrin), commercial botanical (azadirachtin) and absolute control (water)]. Of the botanical compounds, mortality was higher when J. curcas oil (33.7%) and P. alliacea hydrolate (26.2%) were applied at. 15 mL.L-1. Larvae fed with corn leaves soaked with the three concentrations of P. alliacea and R. graveolens hydrolates showed 71-76% food inhibition, as well as the lowest weight of larvae. The results show the insecticidal activity of the botanical formulations evaluated and their potential for controlling S. frugiperda.

López, J. J., Chirinos, D. T., Ponce, W. H., Solórzano, R. F., & Alarcón, J. P. (2022). Insecticide activity of botanical formulates on the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Revista Colombiana De Entomología, 48(1). https://doi.org/10.25100/socolen.v48i1.11739

ABBOTT, W. S. 1925. A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. Journal of Economic Entomology 18 (2): 265-267. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/18.2.265a

BARRETO, E. D.; GARCÍA-MATEOS, M. R.; YBARRA-MONCADA, M. C.; LUNA-MORALES, C.; MARTÍNEZ-DAMIÁN, M. T. 2012. Propiedades entomotóxicas de los extractos vegetales de Azaradichta indica, Piper auritum y Petiveria alliacea para el control de Spodoptera exigua Hübner. Revista Chapingo Serie Horticultura 18 (1): 55-69. http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1027-152X2012000100004

CANTÓ-TEJERO, M.; GUIRAO, P.; PASCUAL-VILLALOBOS, M. J. 2017. El uso de aceites esenciales como insecticidas y repelentes de pulgones. Boletin SEEA 2: 17-18. http://seea.es/pdf/17%20Aceites%20esenciales%20contra%20pulgones.pdf

CHIMWETA, M.; NYAKUDYA, I. W.; JIMU, L.; BRAY MASHINGAIDZE, A. 2020. Fall armyworm [Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith)] damage in maize: management options for flood-recession cropping smallholder farmers. International Journal of Pest Management 66 (2): 142-54. https://doi.org/10.1080/09670874.2019.1577514

DEVAPPA, R.K.; ANGULO-ESCALANTE, M.A.; MAKKAR, H.P.S.; BECKER, K. 2012. Potential of using phorbol esters as an insecticide against Spodoptera frugiperda. Industrial Crops and Products 38: 50-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.01.009

DI RIENZO, J. A., CASANOVES, F., BALZARINI, M. G., GONZALEZ, L., TABLADA, M., ROBLEDO, C. W. 2019. InfoStat versión 2019. Centro de Transferencia InfoStat, FCA. Disponible en: http://www.infostat.com.ar [Fecha de revisión: 21 octubre 2021].

FIGUEROA, A. M.; CASTRO, E. A.; CASTRO, H. T. 2019. Efecto bioplaguicida de extractos vegetales para el control de Spodoptera frugiperda en el cultivo de maíz (Zea mays). Acta Biológica Colombiana 24 (1): 58-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/abc.v24n1.69333

FLOTA-BURGOS, G. J.; ROSADO-AGUILAR, J. A.; RODRÍGUEZ-VIVAS, R. I.; ARJONA-CAMBRANES, K. A. 2017. Anthelminthic activity of methanol extracts of Diospyros anisandra and Petiveria alliacea on cyathostomin (Nematoda: Cyathostominae) larval development and egg hatching. Veterinary Parasitology 248: 74-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2017.10.016

GARCÍA, V.; VILLIR, L.; SOTO, G.; BACCA, T. 2014. Efecto insecticida de productos alternativos en Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Revista Colombiana de Entomología 40 (2): 143-147. http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-04882014000200002

HABOU, Z.; HAOUGUI, A.; BASSO, A.; ADAM, T.; HAUBRUGE, E.; VERHEGGEN, F. J. 2014. Insecticidal effect of Jatropha curcas L. seed oil on Callosobruchus maculatus Fab and Bruchidius atrolineatus Pic (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on stored cowpea seeds (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) in Niger. African Journal of Agricultural Research 9 (32): 2506-2510. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2013.7578

HABOU, Z.; HAOUGUI, A.; MERGEAI, G.; HAUBRUGE, E.; TOUDOU, A.; VERHEGGEN, F. 2011. Insecticidal effect of Jatropha curcas oil on the aphid Aphis fabae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and on the main insect pests associated with cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) in Niger. Tropicultura 29: (4) 225-229. http://www.tropicultura.org/text/v29n4/225.pdf

INGLE, K. P.; DESHMUKH, A. G.; PADOLE, D. A.; DUDHARE, M. S.; MOHARIL, M. P.; VC, K. 2017a. Bioefficacy of crude extracts from Jatropha curcas against Spodoptera litura. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5 (1): 36-38. https://www.entomoljournal.com/archives/2017/vol5issue1/PartA/5-1-16-597.pdf

INGLE, K. P.; DESHMUKH, A. G.; PADOLE, D. A.; MAHENDRA, S.; MOHARIL, M. P.; V. C.; K. 2017b. Screening of insecticidal activity of Jatropha curcas (L.) against diamond back moth and Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5 (1): 44-50. https://www.entomoljournal.com/archives/2017/vol5issue1/PartA/5-1-40-257.pdf

KUMAR, A.; TEWARI, S. K. 2015. Origin, distribution, ethnobotany and pharmacology of Jatropha curcas. Research Journal of Medicinal Plant 9 (2): 48-59. https://doi.org/10.3923/rjmp.2015.48.59

LUZ, D. A.; PINHEIRO, A. M.; SILVA, M. L.; MONTEIRO, M. C.; PREDIGER, R. D.; MAIA, C. S.; FONTES-JÚNIOR, E. A. 2016. Ethnobotany, phytochemistry and neuropharmacological effects of Petiveria alliacea L. (Phytolaccaceae): A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 185: 182-201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2016.02.053

MINISTERIO DE AGRICULTURA Y GANADERÍA (MAG). 2019. Boletín situacional maíz duro seco. Disponible en: http://sipa.agricultura.gob.ec [Fecha de revisión: 21 octubre 2021].

MARTÍNEZ, N. 2010. Manejo integrado de plagas: una solución a la contaminación ambiental. Comunidad y Salud 8 (1): 73-82. https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=375740246010

MINISTERIO DE AGRICULTURA Y GANADERÍA (MAG). 2020. Sistema de información pública agropecuaria. Disponible en: https://www.agricultura.gob.ec [Fecha de revisión: 21 octubre 2021].

MONTEIRO, M. V. B.; BEVILAQUA, C. M. L.; MORAIS, S. M.; ANDRADE, L. K.; CAMURCA-VASCONCELOS, A. L. F.; CAMPELLO, C. C.; RIBEIRO, W. L. C.; MESQUITA, M. D. A. 2011. Anthelmintic activity of Jatropha curcas L. seeds on Haemonchus contortus. Veterinary Parasitology 182 (2-4): 259-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2011.04.010

MONTEZANO, D. G.; SPECHT, A.; SOSA-GÓMEZ, D. R.; ROQUE-SPECHT, V. F.; SOUSA-SILVA, J. C.; PAULA-MORAES, S. V.; PETERSON, J.A.; HUNT, T. E. 2018. Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26 (2): 286-300. https://doi.org/10.4001/003.026.0286

MORALES, P.; NOGUERA, I.; ESCALONA, E.; FONSECA, O.; ROSALES, C.; SALAS, B.; RAMOS, F.; SANDOVAL, E.; CABAÑAS, W. 2010. Sobrevivencia larval de Spodoptera frugiperda Smith con dietas artificiales bajo condiciones de laboratorio. Agronomía Tropical 60 (4): 375-380. http://ve.scielo.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0002-192X2010000400007

OKBATINSAE, G.; HAILE, A. 2017. In vitro studies of larvicidal effects of some plant extracts against Anopheles gambiae larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 11 (4): 66-72. https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2016.6165

OLAITAN, A. F.; ABIODUN, A. T. 2011. Comparative toxicity of botanical and synthetic insecticides against major field insect pests of cowpea (Vigna unquiculata ( L ) Walp). Journal of Natural Product and Plant Resources 1 (3): 86-95. https://www.scholarsresearchlibrary.com/articles/comparative-toxicity-of-botanical-and-synthetic-insecticides-against-major-field-insect-pests-of-cowpea-vigna-unquiculat.pdf

ORTIZ-GARCÍA, K. P.; ARAGÓN-GARCÍA, A.; PÉREZ-TORRES, C.; JUÁREZ-RAMÓN, D.; LÓPEZ-OLGUÍN, J. F. 2018. Efecto de extractos vegetales y hongos entomopatógenos para el control de Spodoptera frugiperda, Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) en cultivo de maíz. Entomologia Mexicana 5: 136-140.

RAMOS-LÓPEZ, M. A.; PEREZ, S.; RODRÍGUEZ-HERNÁNDEZ, C.; GUEVARA-FEFER, P.; ZAVALA-SÁNCHEZ, M. A. 2010. Activity of Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae) against Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). African Journal of Biotechnology 9 (9): 1359-1365. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB10.1621

RINGUELET, J.; OCAMPO, R.; HENNING, C.; PADÍN, S.; URRUTIA, M.; DAL BELLO, G. 2014. Actividad insecticida del aceite esencial de Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Brown sobre Tribolium castaneum Herbst. en granos de trigo (Triticum aestivum L.). Revista Brasileira de Agroecología 9 (2): 214-222. https://revistas.aba-agroecologia.org.br/index.php/rbagroecologia/article/view/15442/0

ROMO-ASUNCIÓN, D.; MARTÍNEZ-GONZÁLES, D. E.; VÁSQUEZ-MARTINEZ, B.; RAMOS-LOPÉZ, M. A.; FIGUEROA-BRITO, R.; FLORES-MACÍAS, A., REA-LÓPEZ, M. A.; RODRÍGUEZ-MUÑOZ, M. E. 2015. Compuestos botánicos como alternativa para el manejo del gusano cogollero del maíz. Nthe 13: 21-34. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308087672_Compuestos_botanicos_como_alternativa_para_el_manejo_del_gusano_cogollero_del_maiz

ROSSETTI, M. R.; DEFAGÓ, M. T.; CARPINELLA, M. C.; PALACIOS, S. M.; VALLADARES, G. 2008. Actividad biológica de extractos de Melia azedarach sobre larvas de Spodoptera eridania (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 67 (1-2): 115-25. http://www.scielo.org.ar/pdf/rsea/v67n1-2/v67n1-2a11.pdf

RUSSO, S.; CABRERA, N.; CHLUDIL, H.; YABER-GRASS, M.; LEICACH, S. 2015. Insecticidal activity of young and mature leaves essential oil from Eucalyptus globulus Labill. against Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Chilean Journal Agricultural Research 75 (3): 375-379. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392015000400015

SANTIAGO, G.; PÁDUA, L. E.; SILVA, P. R.; CARVALHO, E. M.; MAIA, C. B. 2008. Efeitos de extratos de plantas na biologia de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith, 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) mantida em dieta artificial. Ciências Agrárias 32 (2): 792-796. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542008000300013

SARWAR, M. 2016. A potent folklore of botanical plant materials against insect pests together with their preparations and applications. Sky Journal of Biochemistry Research 5(4): 58-62. http://skyjournals.org/sjbr/pdf/2016pdf/Oct/Sarwar%20pdf%20.pdf

SINGH, G.; SINGH, M. 2018. Seasonal incidence of different insect-pests in Kharif maize. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7 (3): 3666-3669. https://www.phytojournal.com/archives?year=2018&vol=7&issue=3&ArticleId=4809

SULONG, Y.; ZAKARIA, A. J.; MOHAMED, S.; SAJILI, M. H.; NGAH, N. 2019. Survey on Pest and disease of corn (Zea mays Linn.) grown at BRIS Soil Area. Journal of Agrobiotechnology 10: (1S) 75-87. https://journal.unisza.edu.my/agrobiotechnology/index.php/agrobiotechnology/article/view/201

TAGLIARI, M.S.; KNAAK, N.; FIUZA, L.M. 2010. Efeito de extratos de plantas na mortalidade de lagartas de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Arquivos do Instituto Biológico 77 (2): 259-264. https://doi.org/10.1590/1808-1657v77p2592010

TENDENG, E.; LABOU, B.; DIATTE, M.; DJIBA, S.; DIARRA, K. 2019. The fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith), a new pest of maize in Africa: biology and first native natural enemies detected. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 13 (2): 1011-1026. https://doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v13i2.35

ZAMBRANO, F.; DELGADO, K.; SILVA, H.; NOMURA, R. B.; ANDRADE, D.; ZUCARELI, C. 2015. Extração e avaliação do óleo de pinhão manso (Jatropha curcas L.) oriundo das cercas vivas de Manabí Equador. Revista Brasileira de Energias Renováveis 4 (1): 55-70. https://doi.org/10.5380/rber.v4i1.37755